Religions in the world


A close look at all the religions should shed light on the fact that all the religions talk about or revolve around the common factors.

So let us consider all the main religions for instance

An Ordered List of world religons :

    1. Christianity

Its main points:

belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God and the Holy Spirit
the death, descent into hell, resurrection, and ascension of Christ
the holiness of the Church and the communion of saints
Christ’s second coming, the Day of Judgement and salvation of the faithful.

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    1. Islam

Its main points are:belief in God,Angels,Revelations,Prophets,Resurrection and Judgement and Predestination.

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    1. Hinduism

There are some beliefs common to nearly all forms of Hinduism that can be identified, and these basic beliefs are generally regarded as boundaries outside of which lies either heresy or non-Hindu religion. These fundamental Hindu beliefs include: the authority of the Vedas (the oldest Indian sacred texts) and the Brahmans (priests); the existence of an enduring soul that transmigrates from one body to another at death (reincarnation); and the law of karma that determines one’s destiny both in this life and the next.

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    1. Judaism

Judaism has no official creed or universal doctrinal requirements for membership. In general, a person can be considered “Jewish” whether he adheres to a complete system of beliefs about God and the afterlife, holds only a few simple beliefs that give meaning to ritual, or even (at least in liberal Judaism) does not believe in God at all.

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    1. Sikhism

Sikhism is monotheistic, strongly emphasizing belief in one true God.
Sikhism retains the general Hindu conception of the universe and the doctrine of samsara, or rebirth, based on karma. Human birth is the only chance to escape samsara and attain salvation.
Especially after conflict with the Mughal empire in Sikh history, religion and politics have been closely associated in Sikhism. Establishment of a Sikh state is a matter of religious doctrine, and all services end with the chant, “Raj karey Ga Khalsa” (the Khalsa shall rule).

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    1. Paganism

Paganism is a broad group of indigenous and historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world.

In a wider sense, it has also been understood to include any non-Abrahamic folk/ethnic religion. The term pagan was historically used as one of several pejorative Christian counterparts to “gentile” (גוי / נכרי) as used in the Hebrew Bible—comparable to “infidel” or “heretic”. Modern ethnologists often avoid this broad usage in favour of more specific and less potentially offensive terms such as polytheism, shamanism, pantheism, or animism when referring to traditional or historical faiths.

Since the 20th century, “Paganism” (or “Neopaganism”) has become the identifier for a collection of new religious movements attempting to continue, revive, or reconstruct historical pre-Abrahamic religion.

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    1. Non religious

Irreligion (adjective form: nonreligious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion. When characterized as the rejection of religious belief, it includes atheism, religious dissidence and secular humanism. When characterized as hostility towards religion, it includes antitheism, anticlericalism andantireligion. When characterized as indifference to religion, it includes apatheism. When characterized as the absence of religious belief, it may also include agnosticism, ignosticism, nontheism, religious skepticism and freethought. Irreligion may even include forms of theism depending on the religious context it is defined against, as in 18th-century Europe where the epitome of irreligion was deism.
A 2012 survey found that 36% of the world population is not religious and that between 2005 and 2012 world religiosity decreased by 9 percentage points.The Pew global report in 2010 noted that many that are not religious have some religious beliefs and the majority of nonreligious come from Asia and the Pacific.According to one source, it has been estimated that 40–50% of non-religious people hold belief in at least one deity, or in some higher power.

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Let us consider their distribution briefly:

Name of religion Population distribution
christianity 2100000000
islam 1500000000
no religion 1100000000
hinduism 900000000
buddhism 375000000
sikhism 24000000
judaism 14500000

These can be briefly divided into:

  • Non Abrahmic
  • Abrahmic
    • Christianity
    • Islam
  • Paganism

Religions by country:

Country religion distribution
Afghanistan Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
Algeria Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
Burma Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%
China Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%; note: officially atheist
New Zealand Anglican 13.8%, Roman Catholic 12.6%, Presbyterian, Congregational, and Reformed 10%, Christian (no denomination specified) 4.6%, Methodist 3%, Pentecostal 2%, Baptist 1.4%, other Christian 3.8%, Maori Christian 1.6%, Hindu 1.6%, Buddhist 1.3%, other religions 2.2%, none 32.2%, other or unidentified 9.9%

Most and least religious countries in the world :


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Mtech in Clinical Eng Jointly offered by Indian institute of technology Madras& Christian medical college Vellore& Sree chitra tirunal institute for medical sciences and technology Trivandrum.
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